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Rabbit Anti-PKR antibody (bs-1493R)
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说明书:50ul  100ul  200ul
50ul/780.00元
100ul/1380.00元
200ul/2200.00元
大包装/询价

产品编号bs-1493R
英文名称PKR
中文名称蛋白激酶R/EIF2AK1抗体
别    名double-stranded RNA-dependent Protein Kinase; interferon-induced, double-stranded RNA-activated protein kinase isoform a; protein kinase, interferon-inducible double stranded RNA dependent; interferon-inducible elF2alpha kinase; double stranded RNA activated protein kinase; p68 kinase; eIF-2A protein kinase 2; P1/eIF-2A protein kinase; protein kinase RNA-activated; interferon-inducible RNA-dependent protein kinase; EIF2AK2; EIF2AK1; MGC126524; PKR; PRKRv.  
Specific References  (1)     |     bs-1493R has been referenced in 1 publications.
[IF=2.66] Lopušná, Katarína, et al. "Murine gammaherpesvirus targets type I IFN receptor but not type III IFN receptor early in infection." Cytokine 83 (2016): 158-170.  WB ;  Mouse.  
规格价格50ul/780元购买    100ul/1380元购买    200ul/2200元购买    大包装/询价
说 明 书50ul  100ul  200ul
研究领域细胞生物  信号转导  细胞凋亡  生长因子和激素  激酶和磷酸酶  细胞分化  
抗体来源Rabbit
克隆类型Polyclonal
交叉反应Human, Mouse, Rat, 
产品应用WB=1:500-2000 ELISA=1:500-1000 IHC-P=1:400-800 IHC-F=1:400-800 Flow-Cyt=1ug/test IF=1:100-500 (石蜡切片需做抗原修复)
not yet tested in other applications.
optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
分 子 量61kDa
细胞定位细胞浆 
性    状Lyophilized or Liquid
浓    度1mg/ml
免 疫 原KLH conjugated synthetic peptide derived from human PKR:251-360/551 
亚    型IgG
纯化方法affinity purified by Protein A
储 存 液0.01M TBS(pH7.4) with 1% BSA, 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% Glycerol.
保存条件Store at -20 °C for one year. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles. The lyophilized antibody is stable at room temperature for at least one month and for greater than a year when kept at -20°C. When reconstituted in sterile pH 7.4 0.01M PBS or diluent of antibody the antibody is stable for at least two weeks at 2-4 °C.
PubMedPubMed
产品介绍background:
PKR is an interferon-inducible serine/threonine specific protein kinase. It is widely expressed in eukaryotic organisms and activated by double stranded RNA. Activation of PKR by dsRNAs leads to autophosphorylation at multiple sites. Phosphorylation of Thr446 and Thr451 in the PKR activation loop is required in vivo and in vitro for high level kinase activity. PKR phosphorylates its natural substrate, the alpha subunit of eukaryotic protein synthesis initiation factor 2 (EIF2 alpha), leading to the inhibition of protein synthesis. PKR is also involved in TLR signaling and mediates apoptosis in fibroblasts in response to viral infection and inflammatory cytokines, and also activates IKK and NFKB, thereby suppressing apoptosis. Recently, it has been reported that PKR also phosphorylates human p53 on serine 392. PKR might play a role in ER stress-induced apoptosis and in Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer cases show prominent PKR activation in association with neuritic plaques and pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus and neocortex.

Function:
Following activation by double-stranded RNA in the presence of ATP, the kinase becomes autophosphorylated and can catalyze the phosphorylation of the translation initiation factor EIF2S1, which leads to an inhibition of the initiation of protein synthesis. Double-stranded RNA is generated during the course of a viral infection.

Subunit:
Homodimer. Interacts with STRBP. Interacts with DNAJC3. Inhibited by direct interaction with viral proteins such as HCV E2, HCV NS5A and influenza A NS1. Activated by the interaction with HIV-1 Tat. Forms a complex with FANCA, FANCC, FANCG and HSP70.

Post-translational modifications:
Autophosphorylated on several Ser and Thr residues. Autophosphorylation of Thr-451 is dependent on Thr-446 and is stimulated by dsRNA binding and dimerization. Autophosphorylation apparently leads to the activation of the kinase.

Similarity:
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Ser/Thr protein kinase family. GCN2 subfamily.
Contains 2 DRBM (double-stranded RNA-binding) domains.
Contains 1 protein kinase domain.

SWISS:
P19525

Gene ID:
5610

Database links:

Entrez Gene: 5610 Human

Omim: 176871 Human

SwissProt: P19525 Human

SwissProt: Q52M43 Human

Unigene: 131431 Human



Important Note:
This product as supplied is intended for research use only, not for use in human, therapeutic or diagnostic applications.

蛋白激酶R/双链RNA依赖蛋白激酶(PKR)是一种干扰素诱导的、双链RNA激活的丝氨酸/苏氨酸激酶,PKR在信号转导、细胞生长、分化和凋亡的控制中起重要作用.也有人认为:PKR是一个重要的凋亡效应物,是许多不同刺激物诱导凋亡的一个转导物。
产品图片
Sample:
Hela(Human) Cell Lysate at 30 ug
293T(Human) Cell Lysate at 30 ug
Primary: Anti-PKR (bs-1493R) at 1/1000 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 61 kD
Observed band size: 61 kD
Sample:
Liver (Mouse) Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti- PKR (bs-1493R) at 1/300 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 61 kD
Observed band size: 61 kD
Sample:
Spleen (Mouse) Lysate at 40 ug
Primary: Anti- PKR (bs-1493R)at 1/300 dilution
Secondary: IRDye800CW Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG at 1/20000 dilution
Predicted band size: 61 kD
Observed band size: 61 kD
Paraformaldehyde-fixed, paraffin embedded ( rat spleen tissue); Antigen retrieval by boiling in sodium citrate buffer (pH6.0) for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% hydrogen peroxide for 20 minutes; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum) at 37°C for 30min; Antibody incubation with (PKR) Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated (bs-1493R) at 1:500 overnight at 4°C, followed by a conjugated secondary (sp-0023) for 20 minutes and DAB staining.
Paraformaldehyde-fixed, paraffin embedded (rat kidney tissue); Antigen retrieval by boiling in sodium citrate buffer (pH6.0) for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% hydrogen peroxide for 20 minutes; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum) at 37°C for 30min; Antibody incubation with (EIF2AK2) Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated (bs-1493R) at 1:200 overnight at 4°C, followed by a conjugated secondary (sp-0023) for 20 minutes and DAB staining.
Tissue/cell: rat kidney tissue; 4% Paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded;
Antigen retrieval: citrate buffer ( 0.01M, pH 6.0 ), Boiling bathing for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% Hydrogen peroxide for 30min; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum,C-0005) at 37℃ for 20 min;
Incubation: Anti-EIF2AK2/PKR Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated(bs-1493R) 1:200, overnight at 4°C, followed by conjugation to the secondary antibody(SP-0023) and DAB(C-0010) staining
Tissue/cell: rat brain tissue; 4% Paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin-embedded;
Antigen retrieval: citrate buffer ( 0.01M, pH 6.0 ), Boiling bathing for 15min; Block endogenous peroxidase by 3% Hydrogen peroxide for 30min; Blocking buffer (normal goat serum,C-0005) at 37℃ for 20 min;
Incubation: Anti-EIF2AK2/PKR Polyclonal Antibody, Unconjugated(bs-1493R) 1:200, overnight at 4°C, followed by conjugation to the secondary antibody(SP-0023) and DAB(C-0010) staining
Blank control: Raji.
Primary Antibody (green line): Rabbit Anti-PKR antibody (bs-1493R)
Dilution: 1μg /10^6 cells;
Isotype Control Antibody (orange line): Rabbit IgG .
Secondary Antibody : Goat anti-rabbit IgG-PE
Dilution: 1μg /test.
Protocol
The cells were fixed with 4% PFA (10min at room temperature)and then permeabilized with PBST for 20 min at room temperature. The cells were then incubated in 5%BSA to block non-specific protein-protein interactions for 30 min at at room temperature .Cells stained with Primary Antibody for 30 min at room temperature. The secondary antibody used for 40 min at room temperature. Acquisition of 20,000 events was performed.
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